5. Prostate Cancer
U.S. deaths in 2020: 33.330
Is it common? It is sporadic. 1 in 9 men will develop this type of cancer.
What makes a man more at risk? After age 50, prostate cancer is more common in men. It is more common in older men than 65. Experts don’t know why it’s more common in African-Americans than whites or Asians.
It is possible to pass it on through generations to the next generation. It can also be caused by gene mutations. According to the American Cancer Society, men who consume a lot of red meat and high-fat dairy foods (and fewer fruits and vegetables) are slightly more likely than others to develop it.
Your doctor might request a digital rectal exam if they are concerned about your results. This involves inserting a gloved finger in the anus to feel the prostate for any hardness, lumpiness, or abnormalities. A prostate biopsy might be performed by a specialist urologist. This uses a small needle (or “biopsy”) to collect a sample of the area to test for cancer. To examine the potential tumor, they may use MRI.
What’s the outlook if you have it? It is very good to catch the disease early. Nearly all men live five years after being diagnosed with early-stage prostate carcinoma. It grows slowly and remains in the same place it began. It can spread quickly to other parts of the body if it is spreading rapidly. The odds of it being found are not as good if it spreads beyond the prostate. This cancer kills 72% of those men within five years.
What research are scientists doing? It is important to detect prostate cancer while it is still in its early stages. It is possible to detect prostate cancer early by using a PSA test. However, doctors use blood, urine, and genetic testing to determine which cancers pose the greatest risk to their patients so that they can adjust their treatment plans.
4. Pancreatic Cancer
U.S. deaths in 2019: 47.050
Is it common? It is about 1 in 67 people who get it.
What factors put people at risk?
Do routine screening tests exist? It can be difficult to identify cancer in its early stages. The problem is not only in the location. Your pancreas can be found deep within your abdomen. You might not be able to feel any growths or lumps in your pancreas because it is hard to feel.
What is the outlook? Cancer usually spreads by the time the symptoms are apparent. Only 6% of pancreatic cancer patients live longer than five years after diagnosis. However, every person is unique and doctors cannot predict who will live as long as they do.
What is the research going on? Scientists are looking for gene tests that can screen families affected by the disease.
There are also new drugs in development. Some drugs are designed to prevent the spread of cancer cells. Other medications would train the immune system in how to fight cancer.
3. Breast Cancer
This disease is more common if you:
- It runs in your family.
- Certain gene mutations can occur.
- You’re obese.
- You can drink alcohol.
- Your breasts are full.
- Your first period was at or before the age of 11.
- You started menopause late.
- If you are a woman who has never had a baby, or if you have had your first pregnancy after 35 years of age,
- You have taken “combination” hormonal replacement therapy.
- Radiation has been used on you.
Is there a screening test? Mammography is the most important test for diagnosing possible breast cancers. To further examine the condition, doctors may use MRI and ultrasound.
What’s the outlook if you do get it? Just like other cancers, it’s better to find it early. Nearly all of the women who are diagnosed with stage I breast cancer live to 5 years after their diagnosis. 93% of stage II and III breast cancer patients are still alive, 72% of stage III survivors, and 22% of stage IV patients. More breast cancer survivors than ever before.
What are scientists doing? Some breast cancers spread or grow faster than others. These cancers are more difficult to treat than other types. New treatments could target genes in tumors.
2. Colorectal Cancer
Is there a screening test? Yes. If you find it early enough through a colonoscopy or other screening tests, your chances of survival are high.
1. Lung Cancer
U.S. deaths in 2020: 135,720
How common is it? About one in 15 men gets lung cancer. So do about 1 in 17 women. It is usually found in those 65 years and older.
The top reason for people being at risk is Smoking It is possible to inhale the smoke of others (” secondhand smoking”). It’s also more common if the virus runs in your family. Although lung cancer is more common in people with HIV, experts aren’t sure why.